Preach the Word
[2Ti 4:1-22 NKJV] 1 I charge [you] therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom: 2 Preach the word! Be ready in season [and] out of season. Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching. 3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, [because] they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers; 4 and they will turn [their] ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables. 5 But you be watchful in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.
6 For I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my departure is at hand. 7 I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. 8 Finally, there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give to me on that Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.
The abandoned Apostle
9 Be diligent to come to me quickly; 10 for Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and has departed for Thessalonica -- Crescens for Galatia, Titus for Dalmatia. 11 Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for ministry. 12 And Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus. 13 Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come--and the books, especially the parchments. 14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him according to his works. 15 You also must beware of him, for he has greatly resisted our words. 16 At my first defense no one stood with me, but all forsook me. May it not be charged against them.
The Lord is faithful
17 But the Lord stood with me and strengthened me, so that the message might be preached fully through me, and [that] all the Gentiles might hear. Also I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. 18 And the Lord will deliver me from every evil work and preserve [me] for His heavenly kingdom. To Him [be] glory forever and ever. Amen!
Come before winter
19 Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. 20 Erastus stayed in Corinth, but Trophimus I have left in Miletus sick. 21 Do your utmost to come before winter. Eubulus greets you, as well as Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren.
22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.
OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER
1) To see the need for diligence in preaching the word of God
2) To note the satisfaction Paul had in looking back over his service to Christ, and the confidence he possessed as he looked forward to the Judgment Day and the heavenly kingdom
The final chapter begins with a charge for Timothy to preach the word at all times. The time was coming when people would not listen to sound doctrine, but instead follow teachers who would tell what they wanted to hear. Timothy was therefore to be watchful, to endure what afflictions might come his way, and to do the work as an evangelist as he fulfilled his ministry (1-5).
Knowing that his own end was near, Paul expresses personal satisfaction that he has fought the good fight, finished the race, and kept the faith. He is confident that there is laid up for him that crown of righteousness which the Lord will give to all who have loved His appearing (6-8).
Timothy is then told to be diligent to come quickly. Only Luke is with Paul as he writes, for Demas has forsaken him and others have left to go to other places. Requests are made, one related to getting Mark and bringing him along, followed by a warning about Alexander the coppersmith. A reference is made concerning those who forsook Paul at his first defense, for whom Paul prays it might not be charged against them. During that time the Lord stood by Paul, and he is confident that the Lord would deliver him from every evil work and preserve him for the heavenly kingdom (9-18).
Timothy is then asked to relay greetings to Paul's dear friends. Brief references are made to Erastus and Trophimus, followed by a plea for Timothy to come before winter. Finally, Paul sends greetings from various brethren and closes the letter with a prayer that the Lord will be with Timothy (19-22).
I. EXHORTATION TO PREACH THE WORD (1-5)
A. A SOLEMN CHARGE (1-2)
1. Before God and the Lord Jesus Christ (1)
a. Who will judge the living and the dead
b. At His appearing and His kingdom 2. To preach the word! (2)
a. Be ready in season and out of season b. Convince, rebuke, exhort c. With all longsuffering and teaching
B. THE REASON FOR THIS CHARGE (3-4)
1. The time is coming when people will not endure sound doctrine (3)
a. According to their own desires they will heap up for themselves teachers
b. For they will have itching ears
2. They will turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables (4)
C. RELATED EXHORTATIONS (5)
1. Be watchful in all things
2. Endure afflictions
3. Do the work of an evangelist
4. Fulfill your ministry
II. EXHORTATION TO COME QUICKLY (6-18)
A. HIS TIME IS COMING TO AN END (6-8)
1. Already being poured out like a drink offering, his departure is at hand (6)
2. Expressions of his faithfulness (7)
a. He has fought the good fight
b. He has finished the race
c. He has kept the faith
3. His confidence concerning the future (8)
a. A crown of righteousness is laid up for him
b. Which will be given by the Lord, the righteous Judge
1) Given to him on that Day (of judgment)
2) Given to all who have loved His appearing
B. A PLEA TO COME QUICKLY (9-16)
1. For Demas has forsaken him, having loved this present world (9-10a)
2. Crescens and Titus have left, having gone to various places (10b)
3. Only Luke is with him (11a)
4. Bring Mark, for he is useful to Paul for ministry (11b)
5. Tychicus has been sent to Ephesus (12)
6. Bring the cloak and the books, especially the parchments (13)
7. A warning against Alexander the coppersmith (14-15)
8. He was forsaken at his first defense, but prays it will not be charged against them (16)
C. THE FAITHFULNESS OF THE LORD (17-18)
1. The Lord stood with him and strengthened him (17)
a. So that the message was preached fully by him to the Gentiles
b. And he was delivered out of the mouth of the lion
2. The Lord will deliver and preserve him (18)
a. Deliver him from every evil work
b. Preserve him for His heavenly kingdom -- For which glory belongs to the Lord!
III. CONCLUDING REMARKS (19-22)
A. MISCELLANEOUS GREETINGS AND FINAL INSTRUCTIONS (19-21)
1. Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus (19)
2. Erastus stayed in Corinth, Trophimus was left sick in Miletus (20)
3. Timothy is to do his best to come before winter (21a)
4. Greetings from Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren (21b)
B. BENEDICTION (22)
1. The Lord Jesus Christ be with his spirit
2. Grace be with him. Amen.
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER
1) What are the main points of this chapter?
- Exhortation to preach the word (1-5)
- Exhortation to come quickly (6-18)
- Concluding remarks (19-22)
2) When will Jesus judge the living and the dead?
(1) - At His appearing and His kingdom
3) How was Timothy to carry out the charge to preach the word?
(2) - Be ready at all times - Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching
4) What would some people not endure? What will they do instead?
(3) - Sound doctrine - According to their own desires they will heap up for themselves teachers
5) What will they turn away from? What will they be turned aside to?
(4) - The truth - Fables
6) What four-fold exhortation is given to Timothy in view of such things to come?
(5) - Be watchful in all things - Endure afflictions - Do the work of an evangelist - Fulfill his ministry
7) What did Paul know was drawing near?
(6) - The time of his departure
8) What three phrases does Paul use to describe his life as a Christian?
(7) - I have fought the good fight - I have finished the race - I have kept the faith
9) What did Paul expect to receive from the Lord? Who else would receive it?
(8) - The crown of righteousness - All who have loved His appearing
10) What does Paul ask of Timothy?
(9) - Come to him quickly
11) Who had forsaken Paul, and why?
(10) - Demas, because he loved this present world
12) Who alone was with Paul when he wrote this epistle?
(11) - Luke
13) Why did Paul want Timothy to get Mark and bring him with him?
(11) - He was useful to Paul for service
14) What else did Paul want Timothy to bring?
(13) - A cloak left at Troas, some books and parchments
15) Of whom did Paul warn Timothy to beware?
(14-15) - Alexander the coppersmith
16) What did Paul desire for those who had forsook him at his first defense?
(16) - That it not be charged against them
17) Who stood with Paul during his first defense and strengthened him?
(17) - The Lord
18) What two things was Paul confident the Lord would do for him?
(18) - Deliver him from every evil work - Preserve him for His heavenly kingdom
19) Who did Paul want Timothy to greet for him?
(19) - Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus
20) When did Paul want Timothy to come?
(21) - Before winter
21) Who sent greetings to Timothy by way of Paul?
(21) - Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren
22) What did Paul pray for in behalf of Timothy as he closed this letter?
(22) - The Lord Jesus Christ be with his spirit - Grace be with him