Chapter One Dispensing with greetings and salutations typical of letters at that time, the epistle to the Hebrews begins like a sermon, with the author immediately declaring the superiority of Jesus. While God spoke in times past to the fathers by the prophets, He now speaks to us through His Son (1-3). Jesus is also demonstrated to be much better than angels (4-14). POINTS TO PONDER * How Jesus is superior to OT prophets * How Jesus is superior to angels REVIEW QUESTIONS 1) What are the main points of this chapter? - Jesus’ superiority over prophets as spokesman - He 1:1-3 - Jesus’ superiority over angels by virtue of His deity - He 1:4-14 2) How did God speak in time past? How does He speak today? (1-2) - By the prophets at various times and in various ways; by His Son 3) List seven things that describe the Son. (2-3) - He is the appointed heir of all things - Through Him God made the worlds - He is the brightness of God’s glory - He is the express image of God’s person - He upholds all things by the word of His power - He purged our sins - He is now seated at the right hand of the Majesty on high 4) List five ways that Jesus is superior to the angels. (4-14) - He is the "Son", angels are not - He is "the firstborn" who receives worship from angels - He is "God" enthroned and anointed, angels are merely servants - He is "LORD" (Yahweh) who is the eternal Creator - He is "sovereign" seated at the right hand of God, angels are ministering spirits 5) For whom have the angels been sent forth to minister? (14) - Those who will inherit salvation 6) List the Old Testament passages that are referenced to in this chapter. (5-13) - Ps 2:7 and 2Sa 7:14 in verse 5 - Deut 32:43 (Septuagint) in verse 6 - Ps 104:4 in verse 7 - Ps 45:6-7 in verses 8-9 - Ps 102:25-27 in verses 10-12 - Ps 110:1 in verse 13
God's Supreme Revelation
[Heb 1:1-14 NKJV] 1 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by [His] Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 who being the brightness of [His] glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4 having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
The Son exalted above angels
5 For to which of the angels did He ever say: "You are My Son, Today I have begotten You"? And again: "I will be to Him a Father, And He shall be to Me a Son"? 6 But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: "Let all the angels of God worship Him." 7 And of the angels He says: "Who makes His angels spirits And His ministers a flame of fire." 8 But to the Son [He says]: "Your throne, O God, [is] forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness [is] the scepter of Your kingdom. 9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions." 10 And: "You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. 11 They will perish, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; 12 Like a cloak You will fold them up, And they will be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not fail." 13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: "Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool"? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?