OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To examine the duties of elders, in their role as shepherds (pastors) and overseers (bishops) 2) To note the importance of submission and humility in our relation to elders, one another, and God 3) To consider how we might best counter our adversary, the devil 4) To glean how Peter sought to encourage his brethren in their suffering SUMMARY The final chapter contains charges to elders and their respective flocks. As a fellow elder, Peter commands elders to shepherd the flock of God among them, serving as overseers. Doing so willingly and eagerly, they were to serve as examples to the flock. The younger members of the flock are then commanded to submit to their elders and to one another, with humility (1-5). They were to also humble themselves under the mighty hand of God and cast their cares upon Him, trusting that He would exalt them in due time because He cares for them. Since their adversary the devil walks about like a lion seeking to devour them, they are to be sober and vigilant, resisting him steadfast in the faith. They can take courage in knowing that other brethren are likewise suffering (6-9). The epistle draws to a close, first with a prayer that God will eventually perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle them. Mention is made of Silvanus, and Peter's purpose in writing. Greetings are sent by "she who is in Babylon" and "Mark, my son". Finally, a command to greet one another with a kiss of love is given, along with a prayer for peace to all who are in Christ Jesus (10-14). OUTLINE I. THE DUTIES OF SHEPHERDS AND THE FLOCK (1-5) A. THE ELDERS' DUTIES AS SHEPHERDS (1-4) 1. As exhorted by a fellow elder a. A witness of the sufferings of Christ b. A partaker of the glory that will be revealed 2. To shepherd the flock of God among them a. Serving as overseers 1) Not be compulsion but willingly 2) Not for dishonest gain but eagerly 3) Not as lords but as examples b. So when the Chief Shepherd appears, they will receive the unfading crown of glory B. THE YOUNGERS' DUTIES AS THE FLOCK (5) 1. Submit yourselves a. To your elders b. To one another 3. Clothe yourselves with humility a. For God resists the proud b. For God gives grace to the humble II. THE DUTIES TO GOD AND SATAN (6-9) A. DUTIES REGARDING GOD (6-7) 1. Humble yourselves under His mighty hand, that He may exalt you in due time 2. Cast all your care upon Him, for He cares for you B. DUTIES REGARDING SATAN (8-9) 1. Be sober and vigilant of your adversary a. The devil walks about like a roaring lion b. The devil seeks whom he may devour 2. Resist your adversary a. Remaining steadfast in the faith b. Knowing that the same sufferings are experienced by brethren in the world III. CONCLUDING REMARKS (10-14) A. CLOSING PRAYER (10-11) 1. May the God of all grace perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you a. Who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus b. After you have suffered a while 2. To Him be the glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen B. CLOSING GREETINGS (12-14) 1. Peter has written to them briefly a. By Silvanus, a faithful brother b. Exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which they stand 2. Greetings from: a. She who is in Babylon, elect together with you b. Mark, his son 3. Greet one another with a kiss of love 4. Peace to you all who are in Christ Jesus. Amen REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER 1) What are the main points of this chapter? - The duties of shepherds and the flock (1-5) - The duties to God and Satan (6-9) - Concluding remarks (10-14) 2) How does Peter identify himself as he exhorts the elders? (1) - As a fellow elder - As a witness of the sufferings of Christ - As a partaker of the glory that will be revealed 3) What is the duty of the elders? (2) - To shepherd the flock of God among them 4) How were they to serve as elders? (3-4) - As overseers - Not by compulsion, but willingly - Not for dishonest gain, but eagerly - Not as lords, but as examples to the flock 5) What reward can elders look forward to when the Chief Shepherd appears? (5) - The crown of glory that does not fade away 6) What twofold duty is enjoined upon those who are younger? (5) - To submit to the elders and to one another - To be clothed with humility 7) What were they commanded to do in relation to God? (6-7) - Humble themselves under the mighty hand of God - Cast all their care upon Him 8) Why were they to do this? (6-7) - That God might exalt them in due time - Because He cares for them 9) Who is their adversary? What is he doing? (8) - The devil; walking about like a lion, seeking whom he may devour 10) What should they do in regards to their adversary? (8-9) - Be sober, be vigilant - Resist him, steadfast in the faith 11) What should encourage them in their suffering? (9-10) - Knowing that the same sufferings are experienced by their brethren in the world - That after they have suffered a while, God will perfect, establish, strengthen and settle them 12) By whom has Peter penned this epistle? (12) - Silvanus, a faithful brother 13) What has been Peter's purpose in writing this epistle? (12) - To exhort and testify that this is the true grace of God in which they stand 14) Who sends them greetings? (13) - She who is in Babylon, elect together with them - Mark, his son 15) What final charge does Peter give? What final prayer? (14) - Greet one another with a kiss of love - Peace to all who are in Christ Jesus
1 Peter 5
Shepherd the flock
[1Pe 5:1-14 NASB] 1 Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as [your] fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed, 2 shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to [the will of] God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness; 3 nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock. 4 And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.
Submit to God, resist the Devil
5 You younger men, likewise, be subject to [your] elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE. 6 Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time, 7 casting all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you. 8 Be of sober [spirit,] be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9 But resist him, firm in [your] faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world. 10 After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen [and] establish you. 11 To Him [be] dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Farewell and peace
12 Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard [him]), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it! 13 She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and [so does] my son, Mark. 14 Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace be to you all who are in Christ.