OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To examine the duties of wives and husbands to each other 2) To consider the duties that we have to one another as brethren in Christ 3) To see how one should prepare for persecution, motivated by the example of Christ 4) To note how and in what way baptism now saves us SUMMARY Peter continues to describe the duties of Christians living as sojourners and pilgrims in this world. He counsels wives to be submissive to their husbands and to focus their adornment on the development of a meek and quiet spirit, like the holy women in the past who trusted in God (such as Sarah). For those whose husbands are not believers, their chaste and respectful conduct may influence them to respond to the gospel. Husbands are then instructed to live with their wives in an understanding way, honoring them as the weaker vessel and as fellow heirs of the grace of life. Such treatment would ensure that their prayers were not hindered (1-7). Duties toward brethren are then summarized, stressing unity, compassion, love, kindness, and simple courtesy. When mistreated by brethren, the proper response is to extend a blessing, for to such conduct we were called, that we might inherit a blessing. As motivation for such conduct, Peter quotes Psalms 34:12-16 which offers advice to loving life and seeing good days. The key is to turn from evil and do good, to seek peace and pursue it. Those who do so have the assurance that the Lord watches over them and hears their prayers (8-12). Peter then turns to the theme of suffering for righteousness' sake. In most circumstances, no one will harm you for doing good. If one suffers for doing good, they are blessed (cf. 2:19-20; 4:14). To prepare for persecution, one should sanctify the Lord God in their heart and be ready to meekly provide the reason for their hope. With clear conscience and good conduct, those who defame and revile them will likely be ashamed. If it is God's will that they suffer, let it be for doing good and not evil (13-17). To appreciate how suffering for righteousness' sake can be for good, Peter relates how Jesus suffered for our sins. Though put to death in the flesh, Jesus was made alive by the Spirit (cf. Ro 1:4), in which He preached to spirits in prison who were disobedient in the days of Noah, and ultimately exalted at the right hand of God with angels, authorities and powers made subject to Him. Alluding to the example of Noah's salvation, Peter says baptism now saves us as an appeal for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ (18-22). OUTLINE I. OUR DUTIES AS WIVES AND HUSBANDS (1-7) A. THE DUTIES OF WIVES (1-6) 1. Be submissive to your husbands a. That you might win those who are not believers b. As they observe your chaste conduct accompanied by fear 2. Adorn yourselves properly a. Not merely outward - arranging the hair, wearing gold, putting on of fine apparel b. With the incorruptible beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, precious in God's sight c. As holy women in the past who trusted God 1) Adorned themselves 2) Submitted to their husbands d. As Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord 1) Whose daughters you are 2) If you do good, not afraid with any terror B. THE DUTIES OF HUSBANDS (7) 1. Dwell with your wives with understanding 2. Give honor to your wives a. As to the weaker vessel b. As being heirs together of the grace of life c. So your prayers may not be hindered II. OUR DUTIES AS BRETHREN (8-12) A. OUR DUTIES TO EACH OTHER (8-9) 1. Be of one mind 2. Have compassion for one another 3. Love one another as brethren 4. Tenderhearted, courteous 5. Not returning evil for evil, or reviling for reviling a. On the contrary, respond with a blessing b. Knowing that you were called to this, that you might inherit a blessing B. MOTIVATION TO FULFILL SUCH DUTIES (10-12) 1. If you would love life and see good days a. Refrain your tongue from evil and lips from speaking deceit b. Turn from evil and do good c. Seek peace and pursue it 2. If you would desire the Lord's favor a. For His eyes are on the righteous b. For His ears are open to their prayers c. But His face is against those who do evil III. OUR DUTIES AS SUFFERERS FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS' SAKE (13-22) A. THINGS TO REMEMBER (13-17) 1. Who will harm you if you do what is good? a. Even if you should suffer for righteousness' sake, you are blessed b. So don't be afraid of threats, nor be troubled 2. Sanctify the Lord God in your hearts 3. Always be ready to give a defense a. To everyone who asks b. For a reason for the hope that is in your c. With meekness and fear 4. Maintain a good conscience a. That when others may defame you as evildoers b. Those who revile your good conduct in Christ may be ashamed 5. It is better, if it is the will of God... a. To suffer for doing good b. Than to suffer for doing evil B. REASONS TO REMEMBER (18-22) 1. Christ also suffered once for sins a. The just for the unjust b. That He might bring us to God 2. He was put to death in the flesh, but made alive by the Spirit a. By whom He went and preached to the spirits in prison who were formerly disobedient 1) During the longsuffering of God 2) In the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared a) In which eight souls were saved through water b) Which was a type of baptism which now saves us 1] Not the removal of the filth of the flesh 2] But the answer of a good conscience toward God 3] Through the resurrection of Christ b. Who has gone in to heaven 1) And is at the right hand of God 2) Where angels, authorities, and powers have been made subject to Him REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER 1) What are the main points of this chapter? - Our duties as wives and husbands (1-7) - Our duties as brethren (8-12) - Our duties as sufferers for righteousness' sake (13-22) 2) What are wives told to be in regards to their husbands? Why? (1) - Submissive; to convert those husbands who are not yet Christians 3) What does Peter hope the unbelieving husbands will observe in their wives? (2) - Their chaste conduct accompanied by fear 4) What should not be the focus of their adornment? (3) - That which is outward: arranging the hair, wearing gold, their apparel 5) What should be the focus of their adornment (4) - The hidden person of the heart: the incorruptible beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit 6) What other women so adorned themselves and were submissive to their husbands? (5-6) - Holy women of God in the past who trusted in God; specifically, Sarah 7) How are husbands to treat their wives? (7) - With understanding and honor - As to the weaker vessel - As heirs together of the grace of life 8) Why should husbands treat their wives so kindly? (7) - That their prayers not be hindered 9) What duties do we as brethren have to one another? (8) - To be of one mind - To have compassion for one another and love as brethren - To be tenderhearted, courteous 10) How are we to respond when mistreated by brethren? Why? (9) - With blessing; we were called to so respond, that we may inherit a blessing 11) What proscription is offered for those who would love life and see good days? (10-11) - Refrain the tongue from evil, the lips from speaking deceit - Turn away from evil and do good, seek peace and pursue it 12) What is said of the righteous? Of those who do evil? (12) - The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and His ears are open to their prayers - The face of the Lord is against those who do evil 13) What is the general principle regarding persecution? (13) - If you do good, you will not be harmed 14) What is said of those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake? (14) - They are blessed 15) How should one prepare themselves for possible persecution? (15-16) - Sanctify the Lord God in your heart - Be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for your hope - Have a good conscience 16) If we maintain good conduct, what will happen to those who defame and revile us? (16) - They will be ashamed 17) If we suffer according to God's will, what is better? (17) - To suffer for doing good than for doing evil 18) Who also suffered for righteousness' sake? For what reason? (18) - Christ, the just for the unjust - For sins, that He might bring us to God 19) Though put to death in the flesh, what was He able to do by the Spirit? (18-19) - Preach to the spirits in prison 20) When were such "spirits" disobedient? (20) - In the days of Noah, during the longsuffering of God - While the ark was preparing 21) Of what is the salvation of eight souls through water a "type"? (21) - Baptism which now saves us 22) How does baptism not save us? How does it save us? (21) - Not by the removal of the filth of the flesh - As the answer (or plea) of a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Jesus 23) What was the final outcome of Jesus who suffered for righteousness' sake? (22) - He has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God - Angels, authorities, and powers have been made subject to Him
Submission to husbands
[1Pe 3:1-22 NASB] 1 In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any [of them] are disobedient to the word, they may be won without a word by the behavior of their wives, 2 as they observe your chaste and respectful behavior. 3 Your adornment must not be [merely] external--braiding the hair, and wearing gold jewelry, or putting on dresses; 4 but [let it be] the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God. 5 For in this way in former times the holy women also, who hoped in God, used to adorn themselves, being submissive to their own husbands; 6 just as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, and you have become her children if you do what is right without being frightened by any fear.
A word to husbands
7 You husbands in the same way, live with [your wives] in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.
Called to blessing
8 To sum up, all of you be harmonious, sympathetic, brotherly, kindhearted, and humble in spirit; 9 not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing. 10 For,
"THE ONE WHO DESIRES LIFE, TO LOVE AND SEE GOOD DAYS, MUST KEEP HIS TONGUE FROM EVIL AND HIS LIPS FROM SPEAKING DECEIT.
11 "HE MUST TURN AWAY FROM EVIL AND DO GOOD; HE MUST SEEK PEACE AND PURSUE IT.
12 "FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE TOWARD THE RIGHTEOUS, AND HIS EARS ATTEND TO THEIR PRAYER, BUT THE FACE OF THE LORD IS AGAINST THOSE WHO DO EVIL."
Suffering for right and wrong
13 Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good? 14 But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. AND DO NOT FEAR THEIR INTIMIDATION, AND DO NOT BE TROUBLED, 15 but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always [being] ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence; 16 and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame. 17 For it is better, if God should will it so, that you suffer for doing what is right rather than for doing what is wrong.
Christ's suffering and ours
18 For Christ also died for sins once for all, [the] just for [the] unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; 19 in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits [now] in prison, 20 who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through [the] water. 21 Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you--not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience--through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, 22 who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him.