Chapter Three OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To see what Paul offers as the Christian solution in dealing with the problem of sin 2) To understand what our responsibilities are as "the elect of God, holy and beloved" SUMMARY Having warned the brethren of the "Colossian Heresy", and the need to be established in the faith of Jesus Christ, Paul now offers a detailed description of "The Christian Solution" to the problem of sin in their lives. Rather than being deceived or swayed by false alternatives, they need to seek those things above, where Christ is, to set their minds on things above and not on the earth. This is because they have been raised with Christ (cf. Col 2:12) and their life is now hidden in Christ, awaiting the day of His coming in which they will appear with Him in glory (1-4). With minds set on Christ, they need to "put to death" those sins in which their earthly members engaged, and upon which the wrath of God is coming. This is done by "putting off" the old man with his deeds, and "putting on" the new man who is being renewed in knowledge after the image of Christ. The deeds of the old man and the characteristics of the new man are defined by Paul, followed with exhortations to allow the "peace of God" to rule in their hearts and to let the "word of Christ" dwell in them richly. He also charges them to do all things in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father (5-17). As so much of their daily lives revolve around the home, Paul also addresses the responsibilities of various family members as they serve the Lord (18-4:1). OUTLINE I. THE CHRISTIAN SOLUTION (1-17) A. SET YOUR MIND ON THINGS ABOVE (1-4) 1. Since you were raised with Christ, seek those things above (1-2) a. Where Christ is, seated at God's right hand (1) b. Not on the things on the earth (2) 2. For you have died, one day to appear with Christ in glory (3-4) a. Your life is now hidden with Christ in God (3) b. When Christ appears, you will also appear with Him in glory (4) B. PUT OFF THE OLD MAN (5-9) 1. Put to death the members of your body (5) a. Fornication b. Uncleanness c. Passion d. Evil desire e. Covetousness, which is idolatry -- For the wrath of God is coming upon the sons of disobedience, and you also once walked in such things (6-7) 2. Put off the old man with his deeds (8-9) a. Anger b. Wrath c. Malice d. Blasphemy e. Filthy language f. Lying to one another C. PUT ON THE NEW MAN (10-17) 1. In which you are renewed in the image of our Creator, where there is neither: a. Greek nor Jew b. Circumcised nor uncircumcised c. Barbarian, Scythian d. Slave nor free -- But Christ, who is all and in all (10-11) 2. As God's elect, put on Christ-like qualities (12-14) a. Tender mercies b. Kindness c. Humbleness of mind d. Meekness e. Longsuffering f. Bearing with one another g. Forgiving one another, even as Christ forgave you h. Above all these things, put on love, the perfect tie that binds 3. In addition... a. Let God's peace rule in your heart, and be thankful (15) b. Let Christ's word dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another with song, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord (16) c. Do all things in the name of the Lord Jesus, with thanksgiving to God (17) II. FAMILIAL RESPONSIBILITIES (18-4:1) A. WIVES TOWARD THEIR HUSBANDS (18) 1. Submit to your own husbands 2. As is fitting in the Lord B. HUSBANDS TOWARDS THEIR WIVES (19) 1. Love your wives 2. Do not be bitter toward them C. CHILDREN TOWARD THEIR PARENTS (20) 1. Obey your parents in all things 2. This is well pleasing to the Lord D. FATHERS TOWARD THEIR CHILDREN (21) 1. Do not provoke your children 2. Or they may become discouraged E. SERVANTS TOWARD THEIR MASTERS (22-25) 1. Obey your earthly masters in all things (22) a. Not with eye-service, seeking only to please men b. But with sincerity of heart, fearing God 2. Do your work heartily (23-24) a. As to the Lord and not to men (23) b. Knowing that from the Lord you will receive the inheritance (24) 3. He who does wrong... (25) a. Will be repaid for the wrong he does b. There will be no partiality F. MASTERS TOWARD THEIR SERVANTS (4:1) 1. Give your servants what is just and fair 2. Knowing that you also have a Master in heaven REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER 1) What are the main points of this chapter? - The Christian solution (1-17) - Familial responsibilities (18-4:1) 2) What two-fold charge is given to those who have been raised with Christ? (1-2) - Seek those things which are above, where Christ is - Set your mind on things above, not on things on the earth 3) Where is our "life" at the present? When shall it appear? (3-4) - Hidden with Christ in God - When Christ appears (i.e., His Second Coming) 4) What sins are we to "put to death"? (5) - Fornication, uncleanness, passion, evil desire, and covetousness (which is idolatry) 5) Why must we put them to death? (6) - Because the wrath of God is coming upon the sons of disobedience 6) What other sins must we "put off"? (8,9) - Anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy language, lying to one another 7) What have we "put off", and what have we "put on"? (9-10) - We have "put off the old man with his deeds" - We have "put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him" (i.e., Christ) 8) As God's elect (chosen), holy and beloved, what are we to "put on"? (12-14) - Tender mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering, bearing with one another, forgiving one another as Christ forgave us, and love 9) What must we allow the "peace of God" do? (15) - Rule in our hearts 10) What must we allow the "word of Christ" do? (16) - Dwell in our hearts richly 11) How are we to teach and admonish one another? (16) - In psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in our hearts to the Lord 12) How are we to do all things, whether in word or deed? (17) - In the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through Him 13) What is the duty of wives? (18) - To submit to their own husbands 14) What is the duty of husbands? (19) - To love their wives and not be bitter toward them 15) What is the duty of children? (20) - To obey their parents in all things 16) What is the duty of fathers? (21) - Not to provoke their children 17) What is the duty of servants? (22-23) - To obey their masters in all things - Not with eye-service, as pleasing men, but in sincerity of heart, fearing God - To do all things heartily, as to the Lord 18) What positive motivation is there for a servant to so act? What negative motivation? (24-25) - Serving the Lord Christ, they will receive the reward of the inheritance - Those who do wrong will be repaid, with no partiality being shown 19) What is the duty of masters? What motivation is offered to do this? (4:1) - To give their servants what is just and fair - They too have a Master, one who is heaven
Not carnality but Christ
[Col 3:1-25 NASB] 1 Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. 2 Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth. 3 For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. 4 When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory. 5 Therefore consider the members of your earthly body as dead to immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and greed, which amounts to idolatry. 6 For it is because of these things that the wrath of God will come upon the sons of disobedience, 7 and in them you also once walked, when you were living in them. 8 But now you also, put them all aside: anger, wrath, malice, slander, [and] abusive speech from your mouth. 9 Do not lie to one another, since you laid aside the old self with its [evil] practices, 10 and have put on the new self who is being renewed to a true knowledge according to the image of the One who created him-- 11 [a renewal] in which there is no [distinction between] Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave and freeman, but Christ is all, and in all.
Character of the new man
12 So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience; 13 bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you. 14 Beyond all these things [put on] love, which is the perfect bond of unity. 15 Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body; and be thankful. 16 Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you, with all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms [and] hymns [and] spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God. 17 Whatever you do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks through Him to God the Father.
The Christian home
18 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord. 19 Husbands, love your wives and do not be embittered against them. 20 Children, be obedient to your parents in all things, for this is well-pleasing to the Lord. 21 Fathers, do not exasperate your children, so that they will not lose heart. 22 Slaves, in all things obey those who are your masters on earth, not with external service, as those who [merely] please men, but with sincerity of heart, fearing the Lord. 23 Whatever you do, do your work heartily, as for the Lord rather than for men, 24 knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance. It is the Lord Christ whom you serve. 25 For he who does wrong will receive the consequences of the wrong which he has done, and that without partiality.