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1 Peter 1

OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER

1) To consider terms used by Peter to describe the people of God: "Pilgrims of the Dispersion", "elect", "obedient children"

2) To reflect upon the salvation, inheritance, and grace to come at the revelation of Jesus Christ

3) To note how we have been served by prophets, apostles, angels, the Holy Spirit, and Christ

4) To be reminded of the need to live holy lives, conducted with reverence toward God and with fervent and sincere love toward brethren

SUMMARY

Peter begins his first epistle to Christians in Asia Minor by acknowledging their election according to God's foreknowledge, made possible by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, and for obedience and sprinkling by the blood of Jesus (1-2).

He then praises God for their living hope, incorruptible inheritance, and glorious salvation to be revealed at the coming of Christ. Despite grievous trials, the power of God and their genuine faith protects them and gives them inexpressible joy. Their salvation to come was foretold by the prophets, and preached in the gospel by those inspired by the Holy Spirit (3-12).

In view of this salvation, Peter prescribes conduct becoming the people of God. They are to focus their mind and hope on the grace that will brought to them at the revelation of Jesus Christ. As obedient children, they should conduct themselves in holiness and fear, imitating their holy Father who judges without partiality, ever mindful they have been redeemed by the precious blood of Christ through whom their faith and hope are in God. They are to love one another fervently with pure hearts, since they have purified their souls for that very purpose through their obedience to the truth, and have been born again by the incorruptible Word of God which lives and abides forever (13-25).

OUTLINE

I. INTRODUCTION (1-2)

A. THE AUTHOR (1a)

1. Peter
2. An apostle of Jesus Christ

B. THE RECIPIENTS (1b-2b)

1. Pilgrims of the Dispersion
2. In Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia (modern Turkey)
3. Elect (chosen)...
a. According to the foreknowledge of God the Father
b. In sanctification of the Spirit
c. For obedience and sprinkling of blood of Jesus Christ

C. GREETINGS (2c)

1. Grace and peace
2. Be multiplied

II. OUR SALVATION IN CHRIST (3-12)

A. BORN AGAIN TO A LIVING HOPE (3-5)

1. Because of God's abundant mercy
2. Because Jesus has been raised from the dead
3. Because of our wonderful inheritance
   a. Incorruptible, undefiled, and that does not fade away
   b. Reserved in heaven
4. Because of being safely kept
   a. By the power of God through faith
   b. For salvation ready to be revealed in the last time

B. PRODUCING JOY IN THE MIDST OF SUFFERING (6-9)

1. Great joy, though for a little while grieved by various trials

2. The genuineness of faith tested by fire
   a. Proving more precious than gold that perishes
   b. May be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ

3. Rejoicing with joy inexpressible and full of glory
   a. For loving Him whom you have not seen
   b. For believing Him whom you have not seen

4. Receiving the end of such faith - the salvation of your souls

C. SERVED BY PROPHETS AND APOSTLES (10-12)

1. Regarding our salvation the prophets inquired and searched diligently
   a. Wondering what and when the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating
   b. When He testified beforehand of the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow

2. They were ministering such things not to themselves, but to us
   a. Things now reported by those who preached the gospel by the Holy Spirit
   b. Things which angels desire to look into

III. OUR DUTY IN CHRIST (13-25)

A. HOLY CONDUCT (13-21)

1. Gird up the loins of your mind
   a. Be sober
   b. Rest your hope fully upon the grace to be brought at the revelation of Jesus Christ

2. Be holy in all your conduct
   a. As obedient children
   b. Not conforming to former lusts done in ignorance
   c. As He who called you is holy, just as it is written

3. Conduct yourselves during your stay in fear
   a. Since you call on the Father who judges each one without partiality
   b. Knowing that you redeemed
      1) Not with corruptible things like silver and gold
      2) From your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers
      3) With the precious blood of Christ
         a) As of a lamb without blemish and without spot
         b) Foreordained before the foundation of the world
         c) Manifest in these last times for you
         d) Through whom you believe in God
            1] Who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory
            2] So that your faith and hope are in God

B. FERVENT AND PURE LOVE (22-25)

1. Since you have purified your souls
   a. In obeying the truth through the Spirit
   b. In sincere love of the brethren

2. Having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible
   a. Through the word of God which lives and abide forever
      1) All flesh is as grass, all the glory of man as the flower of the grass
      2) The grass withers, its flower falls away
      3) The word of the Lord endures forever
   b. The word which by the gospel was preached to you

REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER

1) What are the main points of this chapter?
- Introduction (1-2)
- Our salvation in Christ (3-12)
- Our duty in Christ (13-25)

2) To whom does Peter address this epistle? Where were they located? (1)
- To the pilgrims of the Dispersion; Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, Bithynia

3) What three things are said concerning their election? (2)
- According to the foreknowledge of God
- In sanctification of the Spirit
- For obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ

4) What has God done for us according to His abundant mercy? How was this done? (3)
- Begotten us against to a living hope
- Through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead

5) What kind of inheritance does the Christian have? Where is it now? (4)
- Incorruptible, undefiled, and that does not fade away; reserved in heaven

6) How are Christians kept (guarded) for their salvation? (5)
- By the power of God
- Through faith

7) In what do Christians greatly rejoice? (5-6)
- Their salvation ready to be revealed in the last time

8) What benefits can come out of enduring grievous trials? (6-7)
- The testing of genuine faith
- Praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ

9) Though they had not seen Jesus, what is said about Peter's readers? (8)
- They loved Jesus
- They believed Jesus
- They rejoiced with joy inexpressible and full of glory

10) What would they receive as the end of their faith? (9)
- The salvation of their souls

11) What did the prophets of old testify about? (10-11)
- Of the salvation and grace that would come
- Of the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow

12) When these prophets wondered about they were prophesying, what were they told? (12)
- They were not serving themselves, but us (Christians)
- They were ministering things that have now been reported by those who preached the gospel

13) Upon what are Christians to rest their hope? (13)
- The grace to be brought at the revelation of Jesus Christ

14) As obedient children, what three admonitions are given to Christians? ( 14-17)
- Do not conform to the former lusts
- Be holy in all your conduct
- Conduct yourselves during your sojourn in fear

15) What three reasons are given to obey these admonitions (14-19)
- God is holy
- The Father judges each one's work without partiality
- We were redeemed with the precious blood of Christ

16) What four things are said about Christ? (20-21)
- He was foreordained before the foundation of the world
- He was manifest in these last times for us
- He was raised from the dead and given glory
- Through Him we believe and have hope in God

17) What did God do to Jesus so that our faith and hope are in God? (21)
- Raised Him from the dead (resurrection) and gave Him glory (ascension)

18) What two reasons are given for us to love one another fervently with a pure heart? (22-23)
- We have purified our souls in obeying the truth
- We have been born again of the Word of God

19) What is said of the Word of God? (23-25)
- Incorruptible seed
- Lives and abides forever
- Endures forever
- By the gospel was preached to them

20) What is said about flesh and the glory of man? (24)
- Flesh is as grass which withers; the glory of man as the flower which falls away

1 Peter 1

From Peter to the pilgrims of Christ
[1Pe 1:1-25 NKJV] 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To the pilgrims of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.
Born again to a living hope
3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Producing joy in the midst of suffering
6 In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while, if need be, you have been grieved by various trials, 7 that the genuineness of your faith, [being] much more precious than gold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ, 8 whom having not seen you love. Though now you do not see [Him], yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, 9 receiving the end of your faith--the salvation of [your] souls.
Served by prophets and apostles
10 Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace [that would come] to you, 11 searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. 12 To them it was revealed that, not to themselves, but to us they were ministering the things which now have been reported to you through those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven--things which angels desire to look into.
A call to holiness
13 Therefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and rest [your] hope fully upon the grace that is to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; 14 as obedient children, not conforming yourselves to the former lusts, [as] in your ignorance; 15 but as He who called you [is] holy, you also be holy in all [your] conduct, 16 because it is written, "Be holy, for I am holy." 17 And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay [here] in fear; 18 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, [like] silver or gold, from your aimless conduct [received] by tradition from your fathers, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. 20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you 21 who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
A call to brotherly love
22 Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, 23 having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever, 24 because
"All flesh [is] as grass,
And all the glory of man as the flower of the grass.
The grass withers, And its flower falls away,
25 But the word of the LORD endures forever."
Now this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you.

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