OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To understand the need for proper church discipline 2) To understand the nature of church discipline SUMMARY Having dealt with the problem of division in the first four chapters, Paul now addresses the problem of immorality in the church at Corinth. He describes the particular case at hand, one which even pagan Gentiles would find shameful (1). Rebuking them for being "puffed up" instead of mourning (2), Paul then instructs them to "deliver such a one to Satan", giving them reasons why this action is necessary (3-8). Clarifying what may have been written in an unknown earlier epistle, Paul concludes by limiting towards whom such action is to be taken, and describing how it is to be carried out in practice (9-13). OUTLINE I. THE PROBLEM OF IMMORALITY IN THE CHURCH AT CORINTH (1-2) A. THE PARTICULAR CASE AT HAND (1) 1. Something not even the Gentiles would approve! (1a) 2. A man was living with his father's wife (1b) B. HOW THE CORINTHIANS WERE HANDLING IT (2) 1. They were "puffed up" (2a) 2. Rather than mourning that such conduct might result in the removal of the offender (2b) II. INSTRUCTIONS FOR DEALING WITH THIS PROBLEM (3-13) A. HOW TO ADMINISTER CHURCH DISCIPLINE (3-5a) 1. Must exercise judgment, as Paul though present has already done (3) 2. When assembled together in the name of Jesus, deliver such a one to Satan (4-5a) B. WHY CHURCH DISCIPLINE IS NEEDED (5b-8) 1. To save the sinner (5b) a. By destroying the flesh (its pride and works) b. That his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord 2. To save the church (6-8) a. "A little leaven leavens the whole lump" (6) b. Christ, our "passover", should be kept with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth (7-8) C. CLARIFICATIONS CONCERNING CHURCH DISCIPLINE (9-13) 1. Not to be exercised toward those who are of the world (9-10) 2. But towards brethren in Christ who remain in sin, with such don't even eat (11) 3. For God judges those outside the church, while we must judge those inside (12-13a) 4. The nature of church discipline: "put away from yourselves that wicked person" (13b) REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THIS CHAPTER 1) List the main points of this chapter - The Problem Of Immorality In The Church At Corinth (1-2) - Instructions For Dealing With This Problem (3-13) 2) What was the nature of the immorality that existed in the church at Corinth? (1) - A man had his father's wife 3) What was the attitude of the church in this regard? (2) - They were "puffed up" 4) Why does a church "deliver such a one to Satan"? (5) - For the destruction of the flesh - That his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord 5) Why should a church be diligent in exercising church discipline? (6) - A little leaven leavens a whole lump; i.e. if not stopped now,
the whole church will eventually be affected.
6) Who is the "passover" for Christians? (7) - Christ 7) How should we observe our "passover"? (8) - With sincerity and truth 8) Towards whom is church discipline to be administered? (9-11) - Those in the church who do not repent; not those in the world 9) Who has the responsibility of judging whom? (12-13) - God judges those outside the church; the church is to judge its own 10) What expressions may help explain what it means to "deliver such a one to Satan"? (11,13) - "not to keep company" - "not even to eat with such a person" - "put away from yourselves that wicked person"
Immorality defiles the church
[1Co 5:1-13 NKJV] 1 It is actually reported [that there is] sexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentiles--that a man has his father's wife! 2 And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he who has done this deed might be taken away from among you. 3 For I indeed, as absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged (as though I were present) him who has so done this deed. 4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, along with my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, 5 deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. 6 Your glorying [is] not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? 7 Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
Immorality must be judged
9 I wrote to you in my epistle not to keep company with sexually immoral people. 10 Yet [I] certainly [did] not [mean] with the sexually immoral people of this world, or with the covetous, or extortioners, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world. 11 But now I have written to you not to keep company with anyone named a brother, who is sexually immoral, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or an extortioner--not even to eat with such a person. 12 For what [have] I [to do] with judging those also who are outside? Do you not judge those who are inside? 13 But those who are outside God judges. Therefore "put away from yourselves the evil person."