Chapter Two Returning to Capernaum, Jesus demonstrated His power to forgive sins by healing a paralytic (1-12). After teaching by the sea, Jesus called Levi (Matthew) to follow Him and later dined at his house with tax collectors and sinners (13-17). Jesus is questioned about fasting by disciples of both John and the Pharisees (18-22), and later challenged by the Pharisees because His disciples plucked grain to eat on the Sabbath (23-28). POINTS TO PONDER * Jesus' power to forgive sins, and His association with sinners * Jesus' comments regarding fasting, and His authority regarding the Sabbath REVIEW QUESTIONS 1) What are the main points of this chapter? - Jesus forgives and heals a paralytic - Mk 2:1-12 - The call of Levi (Matthew) and the feast at his house - Mk 2:13-17 - Jesus questioned about fasting and the Sabbath - Mk 2:18-28 2) Where did Jesus return following his ministry throughout Galilee? (1) - To Capernaum, from where He had begun (cf. Mk 1:21) 3) How did Jesus demonstrate His power to forgive sins? (9-11) - By healing a man who was paralyzed 4) What was the reaction following the healing of the paralytic? (12) - All were amazed and glorified God, saying, "We never saw anything like this!" 5) Who did Jesus call to follow Him? What immediately followed? (14-15) - Levi, also known as Matthew (cf. Mt 9:9); a feast at Levi's house 6) How did Jesus justify eating with tax collectors and sinners? (16-17) - "Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick" - "I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance" 7) What did Jesus teach about His disciples fasting? (19-22) - The time was not right for them to fast; but the time for fasting would come - A time for change was nigh ("New wine must be put in new wineskins") 8) What did the disciples of Jesus do that was challenged by the Pharisees? (23-24) - They were plucking heads of grain on the Sabbath 9) What three arguments did Jesus make in defense of His disciples? (25-28) - The example of David and his men eating the showbread - The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath - The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath
Jesus forgives and heals a paralytic
[Mar 2:1-28 NKJV] 1 And again He entered Capernaum after [some] days, and it was heard that He was in the house. 2 Immediately many gathered together, so that there was no longer room to receive [them], not even near the door. And He preached the word to them. 3 Then they came to Him, bringing a paralytic who was carried by four [men]. 4 And when they could not come near Him because of the crowd, they uncovered the roof where He was. So when they had broken through, they let down the bed on which the paralytic was lying. 5 When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, "Son, your sins are forgiven you." 6 And some of the scribes were sitting there and reasoning in their hearts, 7 "Why does this [Man] speak blasphemies like this? Who can forgive sins but God alone?" 8 But immediately, when Jesus perceived in His spirit that they reasoned thus within themselves, He said to them, "Why do you reason about these things in your hearts? 9 "Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, '[Your] sins are forgiven you,' or to say, 'Arise, take up your bed and walk'? 10 "But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins"--He said to the paralytic, 11 "I say to you, arise, take up your bed, and go to your house." 12 Immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went out in the presence of them all, so that all were amazed and glorified God, saying, "We never saw [anything] like this!"
Matthew, the tax collector
13 Then He went out again by the sea; and all the multitude came to Him, and He taught them. 14 As He passed by, He saw Levi the [son] of Alphaeus sitting at the tax office. And He said to him, "Follow Me." So he arose and followed Him. 15 Now it happened, as He was dining in [Levi's] house, that many tax collectors and sinners also sat together with Jesus and His disciples; for there were many, and they followed Him. 16 And when the scribes and Pharisees saw Him eating with the tax collectors and sinners, they said to His disciples, "How [is it] that He eats and drinks with tax collectors and sinners?" 17 When Jesus heard [it], He said to them, "Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. I did not come to call [the] righteous, but sinners, to repentance."
Jesus is questioned about fasting
18 The disciples of John and of the Pharisees were fasting. Then they came and said to Him, "Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?" 19 And Jesus said to them, "Can the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them they cannot fast. 20 "But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days. 21 "No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; or else the new piece pulls away from the old, and the tear is made worse. 22 "And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; or else the new wine bursts the wineskins, the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are ruined. But new wine must be put into new wineskins."
Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath
23 Now it happened that He went through the grainfields on the Sabbath; and as they went His disciples began to pluck the heads of grain. 24 And the Pharisees said to Him, "Look, why do they do what is not lawful on the Sabbath?" 25 But He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and hungry, he and those with him: 26 "how he went into the house of God [in the days] of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the showbread, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests, and also gave some to those who were with him?" 27 And He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. 28 "Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath."