OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To appreciate Paul's method of proclaiming the gospel 2) To see the need for inspiration and understand the process by which it took place SUMMARY Continuing to demonstrate the folly of boasting in human wisdom, Paul reminds them of how he came to them. Instead of depending upon excellent speech or persuasive words of wisdom, he proclaimed Jesus Christ and Him crucified, confirming his testimony with a demonstration of the Spirit and power (1-4). This he did that their faith might rest in God's power, not in the wisdom of men (5). He did proclaim a type of wisdom, however, that wisdom which comes from God (6-9). He describes the process by which God has revealed this wisdom through His Spirit (10-13). Paul then contrasts the difference between the "natural man" (one who depends upon his own human wisdom) who does not receive the things of the Spirit, and the "spiritual man" (one led by the Spirit of God, such as Paul) who has the mind of Christ (14-16). OUTLINE I. PAUL'S MANNER OF PREACHING (1-5) A. HE PREACHED "JESUS CHRIST AND HIM CRUCIFIED" (1-3) 1. Declaring the testimony of God without excellence of speech or wisdom (1) 2. Determined not to know anything among them but Jesus and Him crucified (2) 3. Done in weakness, fear and much trembling (3) B. WITH DEMONSTRATION OF THE SPIRIT AND OF POWER (4-5) 1. Not with persuasive words of human wisdom (4) 2. That their faith would rest in the power of God, not the wisdom of men (5) II. THE TRUE WISDOM OF GOD (6-16) A. THE "HIDDEN" NATURE OF GOD'S WISDOM (6-9) 1. The apostles do speak a sort of wisdom (6) a. Among those who are mature (6a) b. But it is not the wisdom of this age or its rulers, which is coming to nothing (6b) 2. The wisdom of God they speak has been a "mystery" (7-9) a. Ordained before time began, but hidden (7) b. Unknown by the rulers of this age, which is why they crucified the Lord (8) c. Man had not discovered what God has prepared for those who love Him (9) B. THE SPIRIT'S REVELATION OF GOD'S WISDOM (10-13) 1. Revealed through His Spirit (10-11) a. The Spirit searches for the deep things of God (10) b. Only the Spirit of God can know the things of God (11) 2. Made known to the apostles (12) a. Who have received the Spirit from God (12a) b. So they might know the things freely given by God (12b) 3. Spoken now by the apostles (13) a. Not in words according to human wisdom (13a) b. But in words taught by the Spirit, comparing spiritual things with spiritual (13b) C. THE "NATURAL MAN" VERSUS THE "SPIRITUAL MAN" (14-16) 1. The "natural man" (e.g., a philosopher) does not receive the things of the Spirit of God (14a) a. They are foolish to him (14b) b. Because they are "spiritually" discerned (14c) 2. But with the "spiritual man" (e.g., an apostle), such is not the case (15-16) a. He is able to judge all things properly (15a) b. No one is able to properly judge him (15b) c. For he has "the mind of Christ" (16) REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER 1) List the main points of this chapter - Paul's Manner Of Preaching (1-5) - The True Wisdom Of God (6-16) 2) How does Paul describe his preaching among them? (1-2) - Not with excellence of speech or of wisdom - Determined to preach only Jesus and Him crucified 3) How does Paul describe his feelings among them? (3) - In weakness, in fear, and in much trembling 4) What accompanied Paul as he preached the gospel? (4) - Demonstration of the Spirit and of power 5) What six phrases in verses 9-13 help to explain the process by which the hidden mystery of God was made known? - "Things which God has prepared" - "God has revealed...through His Spirit" - "We have received...the Spirit" - "That we might know the things...freely given to us by God" - "These things we also speak" - "In words...which the Spirit teaches" 6) What phrase teaches the concept of "verbal inspiration"? (13) - "not in words which man's wisdom teaches but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual" 7) What is said about the "natural" man? (14) - Does not receive the things of the Spirit of God - They are foolishness to him - He cannot know them, for they are spiritually discerned 8) What is said about the "spiritual" man? (15-16) - Able to judge all things - None can rightly judge him - Has the mind of Christ
[1Co 2:1-16 NKJV] 1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, did not come with excellence of speech or of wisdom declaring to you the testimony of God. 2 For I determined not to know anything among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified. 3 I was with you in weakness, in fear, and in much trembling. 4 And my speech and my preaching [were] not with persuasive words of human wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power, 5 that your faith should not be in the wisdom of men but in the power of God.
6 However, we speak wisdom among those who are mature, yet not the wisdom of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing. 7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden [wisdom] which God ordained before the ages for our glory, 8 which none of the rulers of this age knew; for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. 9 But as it is written:
"Eye has not seen, nor ear heard,
Nor have entered into the heart of man
The things which God has prepared for those who love Him." (Is 64:4)
10 But God has revealed [them] to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things that have been freely given to us by God. 13 These things we also speak, not in words which man's wisdom teaches but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14 But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is [rightly] judged by no one. 16 For
"who has known the mind of the LORD that he may instruct Him?" (Is 40:13)
But we have the mind of Christ.