OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To understand how division is unacceptable is the Body of Christ 2) To see why our boasting should be only in the Lord SUMMARY In his opening remarks Paul expresses gratitude that the Corinthians had been enriched by God, came behind in no gift, and were eagerly waiting for the revelation of the Lord (1-9). He immediately begins dealing with the first problem, that of division which manifested itself in what we might call "preacheritis" (10-17). Discerning that the underlying cause concerns the exaltation of human wisdom, Paul demonstrates the folly of boasting in such (18-31). OUTLINE I. INTRODUCTION (1-9) A. GREETINGS FROM PAUL AND SOSTHENES (1-3) 1. To the church at Corinth, and those who in every place call on the name of Jesus (2) 2. Grace and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus (3) B. THANKSGIVING FOR GOD'S GRACE TOWARDS THEM (4-9) 1. Enriching them in all knowledge, even as Christ's testimony was confirmed in them (5-6) 2. Coming short in no gift as they eagerly await the revelation of the Lord Jesus Christ (7) 3. Who will confirm them so they may be blameless (8) 4. For God is faithful, who called them into the fellowship of His Son (9) II. THE NATURE OF THE DIVISION AT CORINTH (10-17) A. AS REPORTED TO PAUL (10-12) 1. His plea for unity (10) 2. For those of Chloe's household have reported contentions among them (11) 3. Evidently involving "preacheritis" (12) B. PAUL'S INITIAL REACTION (13-17) 1. Rhetorical questions to illustrate the absurdity of what we would call "preacheritis" (13) 2. Gratitude that he personally baptized few of them (14-17) a. Lest any should accuse him of baptizing in his own name (14-15) b. Administering baptism was not his chief calling anyway (16-17) III. THE FOLLY OF BOASTING IN HUMAN WISDOM (18-31) A. GOD WILL DESTROY THE WISDOM OF THE WISE (18-25) 1. Granted, the message of the cross is foolish to some, but not to the saved (18) 2. But God will the destroy the wisdom of the world (19-20) 3. God chose to use His foolishness and His weakness to save those who believe (21-25) a. Because the world through its wisdom knew not God (21a) b. So God chose to save mankind through a "foolish" message about Christ crucified (21b-24) c. But even God's "foolishness" and "weakness" is wiser and stronger than men (25) B. THE CORINTHIANS' OWN CALLING DEMONSTRATES THIS TRUTH (26-29) 1. Not many of them were "wise, mighty, or noble" (26) 2. But God has chosen those things that are "foolish, weak, base, despised, and which are not", so that no flesh should glory in His presence (27-29) C. INSTEAD, BOAST IN THE LORD (30-31) 1. He provides for us the true wisdom, plus righteousness and sanctification and redemption (30) 2. We should glory only in Him (31) REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER 1) List the main points of this chapter - Introduction (1-9) - The Nature Of The Division At Corinth (10-17) - The Folly Of Boasting In Human Wisdom (18-31) 2) Who joined with Paul in addressing this letter to the Corinthians? (1) - Sosthenes 3) What was one thing the church did not lack in Corinth? (7) - Spiritual gifts 4) What is the first problem Paul deals with in this epistle? (10) - Division 5) Who reported this problem to him? (11) - The household of Chloe 6) How was their divisiveness expressed? (12) - Calling themselves after men 7) Who had Paul personally baptized at Corinth? (14,16) - Crispus, Gaius, the household of Stephanus 8) Why was Paul thankful that he had not baptized any other? (15) - Lest they should say he baptized in his own name 9) In what two ways do men view the preaching of the cross? (18) - Foolishness to those who are perishing - The power of God to those being saved 10) How did the preaching of Christ crucified appear to the Jews and the Greeks? (23) - A stumbling block to the Jews - Foolishness to the Greeks 11) How has God chosen to confound the wise of this world? (27-28) - By using that which in their sight is foolish, weak, base, despised 12) Upon what grounds may we boast? (31) - Only in the Lord
[1Co 1:1-31 NKJV] 1 Paul, called [to be] an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes [our] brother, 2 To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called [to be] saints, with all who in every place call on the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours: 3 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Spiritual gifts at Corinth
4 I thank my God always concerning you for the grace of God which was given to you by Christ Jesus, 5 that you were enriched in everything by Him in all utterance and all knowledge, 6 even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you, 7 so that you come short in no gift, eagerly waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ, 8 who will also confirm you to the end, [that you may be] blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 God [is] faithful, by whom you were called into the fellowship of His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.
Sectarianism is sin
10 Now I plead with you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and [that] there be no divisions among you, but [that] you be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment. 11 For it has been declared to me concerning you, my brethren, by those of Chloe's [household], that there are contentions among you. 12 Now I say this, that each of you says, "I am of Paul," or "I am of Apollos," or "I am of Cephas," or "I am of Christ." 13 Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul? 14 I thank God that I baptized none of you except Crispus and Gaius, 15 lest anyone should say that I had baptized in my own name. 16 Yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas. Besides, I do not know whether I baptized any other. 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect.
Christ the power and wisdom of God
18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written: "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent." 20 Where [is] the wise? Where [is] the scribe? Where [is] the disputer of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? 21 For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe. 22 For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after wisdom; 23 but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness, 24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
Glory only in the Lord
26 For you see your calling, brethren, that not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, [are called]. 27 But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things which are mighty; 28 and the base things of the world and the things which are despised God has chosen, and the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are, 29 that no flesh should glory in His presence. 30 But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God--and righteousness and sanctification and redemption-- 31 that, as it is written, "He who glories, let him glory in the LORD."
“Who is good enough to receive God’s gifts?”
1 Corinthians 1:1-9
In this passage, Paul's introduction, we see who is good enough to receive God’s gifts.
I. THE WORK OF SANCT vs 1-3
Cf. Acts 9:1-6; 15-18; 26-30
Cf. Acts 18:1-17
Cf. Rom. 3:24; 5:1
Cf. Eph. 2:8-9; Phil. 4:7
II. The work of sanct. vs. 4-7a
Cf. Eph. 4:11-16; Phil. 1:6
III. the work of sanct. vs. 7b-9
Cf. 1 Thess. 5:23
Where does that leave us?
Rom. 8:9; 1 Pet. 4:10